Gibran Khalil Biography

Gibran Khalil Gibran was born on January 6, 1883, to the Maronite family of Gibran in
Bsharri, a mountainous area in Northern Lebanon, which was a Turkish province part that
included Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine/Israel today. His mother Kamila Rahmeh was thirty
when she begot Gibran from her third husband Khalil Gibran, who proved to be an
irresponsible husband leading the family to poverty. Gibran had a half-brother six years
older than him called Peter and two younger sisters, Mariana and Sultana, whom he was
deeply attached to throughout his life, along with his mother. Kamila's family came from a
prestigious religious background, which imbued the uneducated mother with a strong will
and later on helped her raise up the family on her own in the U.S. Growing up in the lush
region of Bsharri, Gibran proved to be a solitary and pensive child who relished the natural
surroundings of the cascading falls, the rugged cliffs and the neighboring green cedars, the
beauty of which emerged as a dramatic and symbolic influence to his drawings and writings.
Being laden with poverty, he did not receive any formal education or learning, which was
limited to regular visits to a village priest who doctrined him with the essentials of religion
and the Bible, alongside Syriac and Arabic languages. Recognizing Gibran's inquisitive and
alert nature, the priest began teaching him the rudiments of alphabet and language, opening
up to Gibran the world of history, science, and language. At the age of ten, Gibran fell off a
cliff, wounding his left shoulder, which remained weak for the rest of his life ever since this
incident. To relocate the shoulder, his family strapped it to a cross and wrapped it up for
forty days, a symbolic incident reminiscent of Christ's wanderings in the wilderness and
which remained etched in Gibran's memory.

At the age of eight, Khalil Gibran, Gibran's father, was accused of tax evasion and was sent
to prison as the Ottomon authorities confiscated the Gibrans' property and left them
homeless. The family went to live with relatives for a while; however, the strong-willed
mother decided that the family should immigrate to the U.S., seeking a better life and
following in suit to Gibran's uncle who immigrated earlier. The father was released in 1894,
but being an irresponsible head of the family he was undecided about immigration and
remained behind in Lebanon.

On June 25, 1895, the Gibrans embarked on a voyage to the American shores of New York.

The Gibrans settled in Boston's South End, which at the time hosted the second largest
Middle Eastern community in the U.S. following New York. The culturally diverse area felt
familiar to Kamila, who was comforted by the familiar spoken Arabic, and the widespread
Lebanese customs. Kamila, now the bread-earner of the family, began to work as a peddler
on the impoverished streets of South End Boston. At the time, peddling was the major
source of income for most Middle Eastern immigrants, who were negatively portrayed due
to their unconventional "Arab" ways and their supposed idleness.

In the school, a registration mistake altered his name forever by shortening it to Kahlil
Gibran, which remained unchanged till the rest of his life despite repeated attempts at
restoring his full name. Gibran entered school on September 30, 1895, merely two months
after his arrival in the U.S. Having no formal education, he was placed in an ungraded class
reserved for immigrant children, who had to learn English from scratch. Gibran caught the
eye of his teachers with his sketches and drawings, a hobby he had started during his
childhood in Lebanon.

Gibran's curiosity led him to the cultural side of Boston, which exposed him to the rich
world of the theatre, Opera and artistic Galleries. Prodded by the cultural scenes around
him and through his artistic drawings, Gibran caught the attention of his teachers at the
public school, who saw an artistic future for the boy. They contacted Fred Holland Day, an
artist and a supporter of artists who opened up Gibran's cultural world and set him on the
road to artistic fame...

Lebanese-American philosophical essayist, novelist, mystical poet, and artist.

Gibran's works were especially influential in the American popular culture in the 1960s. In
1904 Gibran had his first art exhibition in Boston. From 1908 to 1910 he studied art in
Paris with August Rodin. In 1912 he settled in New York, where he devoted himself to
writing and painting. Gibran's early works were written in Arabic, and from 1918 he
published mostly in English. In 1920 he founded a society for Arab writers, Mahgar
(al-Mahgar). Among its members were Mikha'il Na'ima (1889-1988), Iliya Abu Madi
(1889-1957), Nasib Arida (1887-1946), Nadra Haddad (1881-1950), and Ilyas Abu Sabaka
(1903-47). Gibran died in New York on April 10, 1931. Among his best-known works is THE
PROPHET, a book of 26 poetic essays, which has been translated into over 20 languages.
The Prophet, who has lived in a foreign city 12 years, is about to board a ship that will take
him home. He is stopped by a group of people, whom he teaches the mysteries of life.